When it comes to Helicobacter pylori, you must be no stranger. Many friends who often have stomach discomfort also often detect Helicobacter pylori infection after gastroscopy. For a long time, Helicobacter pylori and gastric ulcer have been closely related. In recent years, the relevant research reports on Helicobacter pylori carcinogenesis are also very dusty. So what exactly is Helicobacter pylori? Helicobacter pylori and how to prevent?
1. Helicobacter pylori, the only superbacterium that can survive in human gastric acid
In fact, Helicobacter pylori and human beings are old acquaintances. Gene sequence analysis shows that human beings have co evolved with them for more than 60000 years.
Helicobacter pylori, commonly known as HP, is a kind of Helicobacter pylori that colonizes human gastric mucosa. It has become the only known microorganism that can survive in human gastric acid because of its unique ability to produce alkaline ammonia and neutralize gastric acid.
But at first, the academic community believed that the human stomach was a strong acid environment, so it was clean and impossible for bacteria to survive. However, in 1982, Australian scholars Warren and Marshall first isolated Helicobacter pylori from human gastric mucosa.
In order to obtain the evidence of the disease caused by this bacterium, the brave Marshall and another doctor named Morris even swallowed the cultured bacteria, thus confirming the pathogenicity of Helicobacter pylori. Warren and Marshall won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 2005.
2. it is associated with many diseases such as gastric cancer, and the infection rate exceeds 50%
At present, studies have confirmed that Helicobacter pylori is the main cause of peptic ulcer occurrence and recurrence. The detection rate of Helicobacter pylori in patients with duodenal ulcer is as high as 95%-100%, and that in patients with gastric ulcer is more than 70%. At the same time, Helicobacter pylori can cause gastric cancer and gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. In 1994, the World Health Organization / International Agency for research on cancer (who/iarc) classified HP as a class I carcinogen; In 2021, the U.S. Department of health and human services released the 15th edition of carcinogen report, "Helicobacter pylori chronic infection" was listed as a human carcinogen in the report for the first time.
In addition, Helicobacter pylori is also closely related to the incidence of diseases such as iron deficiency anemia, periodontal disease, skin disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and even seemingly unrelated coronary heart disease and hypertension.
The "super pathogenic bacteria" associated with so many diseases also have a high infection rate worldwide. Helicobacter pylori mainly infects humans through fecal oral route and oral route. If the excreta of the infected person pollutes the water source or the hands are not cleaned after going to the toilet, the food may be contaminated. In addition, eating, kissing and using dirty tableware with infected people may infect Helicobacter pylori. The statistics of adult infection rate in China are different, but it is generally believed that it is more than 50%.
Most of the infected people have no obvious symptoms, which can only be found by doing relevant examinations during physical examination; Some people also suffer from indigestion, gastritis or gastric ulcer, such as epigastric pain or gastrointestinal discomfort. They feel full without eating much; Nausea or vomiting; Acid reflux or heartburn; The stool turns dark or black; Increased fatigue, bad breath and other symptoms.
3. what are the prevention and treatment measures for antibiotics, (Lactobacillus reuteri) probiotics... Helicobacter pylori?
Helicobacter pylori is mainly transmitted through mouth to mouth and fecal to mouth. Therefore, the way to prevent Helicobacter pylori is to develop good health habits and reduce dietary contact among many people. For example: reduce the number of meals with many people outside; Wash hands before meals and after defecation; Do not chew food to feed young children; If someone is infected at home, do not cross use bowls, chopsticks and cups; It is best to use public chopsticks or separate meals during group meals; Tableware should be disinfected frequently.
People who have been tested and confirmed to be infected with Helicobacter pylori need not be alarmed. At present, treatment schemes at home and abroad are relatively mature. The combined medication method is selected for the treatment plan. The commonly used anti Helicobacter pylori drugs at home and abroad have the commonly used sterilization methods in clinical practice, mainly through the combination of antibiotics such as triple and quadruple. However, such antibiotics contain antibiotics, which can kill harmful bacteria, but also destroy the probiotic flora in the human body, and have certain side effects on the human body.
4. a new solution to "quiet" brought by medical nutrition: targeting Jingyou
In recent years, the wide application of medical nutrition in clinic has provided a new way for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori. The use of probiotics such as Lactobacillus reuteri to treat Helicobacter pylori has also been well used. At present, the commonly used probiotics are Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium represented by Lactobacillus reuteri.
Among the diverse Lactobacillus reuteri preparations, Pylopass ® It is a unique and globally licensed Lactobacillus reuteri, Pylopass ® It can recognize the surface protein structure of Helicobacter pylori and combine with it to form polymers. The copolymer is excreted from the body through the gastrointestinal tract, thereby reducing the number of Helicobacter pylori in the stomach. Studies have shown that the use of probiotic health products such as Lactobacillus reuteri as a substitute for antibiotics for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection has improved Helicobacter pylori problems and reduced Helicobacter pylori colonization.
VIK brand, which is trusted by users, and its medical nutrition product vikpro stomach nourishing capsule will soon enter the Chinese market. VIKpro Yangwei capsule contains 20billion Polypass ® Lactobacillus reuteri, GutGard ® Licorice extract, l-glutamine and Ulmus pumila skin extract; Fusion Polypass ® Targeted physical deionization technology and GutGard ® Dual anti seclusion technologies such as anti seclusion activity technology; With 6 international certifications including HACCP and NSF, it is an innovative product in the field of medical nutrition.
VIKpro Yangwei capsule is a new medical nutrition scheme represented by vikpro Yangwei capsule. This kind of method is relatively mild. It is also a more stable sterilization method for people who are not suitable for the use of quadruple and pay attention to the comprehensive health of human body.
To sum up, there are mature and reliable antibiotics, probiotics or probiotic health care products / nutrition solutions for Helicobacter pylori, both for inspection and treatment, which can be prevented, diagnosed and treated. As long as we pay attention to health and scientific life, and then combine it with reasonable examination and standardized treatment, there is no need to talk about it.
Source: Tencent News Author: daily talk about health